Reporting Corruption in the Greek Tax System
January 2nd, 2013
January 2nd, 2013
We’ve covered Greece quite a bit here on the Task Force blog. Tax evasion and corruption are both endemic in Greece, and they have played no small part in the current financial crisis in both Greece and Europe. Wealthy Greeks have moved significant amounts of money overseas to tax havens like Switzerland.
Tax evasion in Greece was accelerated in part through bribery and corruption in the tax collection system. Websites like IPaidABribe.com have been successful at identifying and tracking bribery in other sectors of the Greek economy, but so far have shown little progress in revealing bribes paid to Greek tax collectors. BBC News has a great story explaining the problem:
Concern about corruption has risen as the Greek economy worsens. Last month, Transparency International’s annual international survey of public perception of corruption found that the situation in Greece has deteriorated further. Greece has slipped from 80th to 94th place in the last year, making it the most corrupt country in Europe in terms of people’s perceptions.
One of the biggest areas of concern is over corruption in the tax system. Tax evasion is known to be endemic in Greece, and is one of the areas the European Commission is pressing the government to improve. One of the latest scandals was over the failure by Greece to investigate the so-called “Lagarde List” of 2,000 Greeks with Swiss bank accounts.
However, there are relatively few cases of tax evasion reported on whistleblowing websites like edosafakelaki. Only 3% of entries here relate to tax. The website’s founder believes this is because bribing a tax inspector is only likely to happen when someone is trying to evade tax, making them unlikely to want to tell people about it, even anonymously. It is an obvious drawback of any self-reporting system.
Read the whole story here. I would be interested to hear of any innovative models of measuring and/or reporting bribery by illegal actors, such as tax evaders looking to move money past tax inspectors.
When it comes to actually tracking money once it crosses a border to tax havens, there is no substitute for automatic exchange of of tax information. Greece is currently in conflict with Switzerland over a small list of names of Greek tax evaders who used Swiss banks to hide their money from the Greek authorities. While this can’t hurt, it represents a piecemeal and inadequate way to track down a problem as widespread and endemic as corruption and tax evasion in Greece. Greece needs to push for automatic exchange with tax havens, at the G20 level.