OECD Common Reporting Standard Not Crafted with Developing Countries in Mind
July 22nd, 2014
July 22nd, 2014
WASHINGTON, D.C. – On Monday, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released detailed guidelines on the common reporting standard for automatic exchange of financial information. The plan inches closer to implementation of a global standard but continues to keep developing countries looking in from the outside.
Rather than offer a period of non-reciprocity, where developing countries could simply receive financial data, the only mention of non-reciprocity agreements is catered to tax havens.
“Recognition of the benefits of non-reciprocity provisions for tax havens and not for developing countries is disappointing,” said Pooja Rangaprasad of the Financial Transparency Coalition and the Centre on Budget and Governance Accountability in Delhi. “Developing countries would potentially benefit greatly from being able to receive information from developed economies and tax havens, rather than the other way around.”
But it seems that nothing in the standard—right down to the cost of purchasing the OECD document online—was put forth with developing countries in mind.
“Accessing the document is a perfect illustration of why this process needs to include low income countries from the start; it costs $73 to download the document—not an insignificant sum for a cash-strapped government, and a prohibitive amount for a citizen watchdog group,” said Porter McConnell, Manager of the Financial Transparency Coalition. “It’s hardly a convincing sign that the automatic exchange standard is ‘ready for implementation’ or open to everyone.”
OECD officials characterized the announcement as a move towards “a world in which tax cheats have nowhere left to hide,” but the details present a different picture. While a multilateral agreement for information exchange is one option put on the table, the OECD leaves room for countries to opt for bilateral agreements, opening the door to further exclusion.
Just as the scope of countries involved shouldn’t be limited, neither should the types of illicit flows addressed with the data. The same system that helps tax evaders keep their money out of reach also enables the corrupt and the criminal to move money into anonymous companies and hidden bank accounts, perpetuating the problem of illicit financial flows.
“Around a trillion dollars left the African continent in illicit flows over the past thirty years. The only way sums like that can be brought back into developing country economies, to create jobs and be taxed properly for roads and schools, is by including developing countries in information exchange from the outset,” said McConnell. “The current guidelines don’t do enough to upset the old guard of financial secrecy, or challenge jurisdictions that have made their millions through sheltering illicit money.”
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 The Financial Transparency Coalition (FTC) works to address opacity in the international financial system, which creates inequalities that harm billions of people. The Coalition consists of over 150 civil society organizations, 13 governments, and dozens of experts across the globe.